Unlock the Secrets of Smoothing Hair Treatment: A Comprehensive Guide

06/09/2023 68 views
Smoothing Hair Treatment: A Comprehensive Guide

In the realm of haircare, smoothing hair treatment is becoming more and more well-liked since they give hair that is frizzy and unruly a sleek, polished appearance. These treatments use various methods and products to manage and tame hair, making it lustrous, silky, and easier to handle.

We will examine the advantages, strategies, and factors of smoothing hair treatments in this article to assist you in reaching your ideal hair transformation.

Exploring Popular Smoothing Hair Treatments

Japanese Hair Straightening

Japanese Hair Straightening
Japanese Hair Straightening

Japanese Hair Straightening, also known as thermal reconditioning or Yuko System, originated in Japan as a popular hair treatment. This method aims to permanently straighten curly or wavy hair by breaking down the hair’s protein bonds and restructuring them in a straight form. The process involves applying a strong chemical solution to the hair, which is then locked into a straight shape using heat from a flat iron.

The result of Japanese Hair Straightening is typically straight, sleek hair that requires minimal styling. The treatment suits individuals with natural curls or waves who desire a permanent straightening solution.

Brazilian Blowout

Brazilian Blowout is a popular hair smoothing treatment that originated in Brazil. It is designed to reduce frizz, enhance shine, and improve the overall manageability of the hair. The treatment involves the application of a liquid solution containing keratin, a type of protein found naturally in hair. The solution is applied to the hair, and heat from the flat iron seals the product into the hair shaft.

However, it is essential to note that some Brazilian Blowout products may contain formaldehyde or formaldehyde-releasing chemicals, which can release harmful fumes when heated.

Chemical Hair Relaxing

Chemical Hair Relaxing
Chemical Hair Relaxing

Chemical Hair Relaxing is a treatment designed to loosen the natural curls or waves in the hair, providing a straighter and more manageable result. The process involves applying a chemical relaxer to the hair, which breaks down the protein structure responsible for the hair’s natural curl pattern. After the relaxer is applied and processed, the hair is rinsed, and a neutralizing solution is used to stop the chemical reaction and set the hair in its new, straighter form.

Due to the chemical nature of the process, it is essential to have chemical hair relaxing performed by a skilled and experienced professional to avoid damage to the hair and scalp.

Protein Hair Treatments

Protein hair treatments are not specifically aimed at straightening the hair but at improving its health, strength, and appearance. These treatments involve applying protein-rich products such as keratin, collagen, or other amino acid-based formulas to the hair. The proteins penetrate the hair shaft, repairing damage and reinforcing the hair’s structure.

Protein hair treatments benefit individuals with damaged, weak, or over-processed hair. They can help restore elasticity, reduce breakage, and enhance the overall texture and shine of the hair.

Heat Activated Smoothing

Heat Activated Smoothing
Heat Activated Smoothing

Heat-activated smoothing treatments are temporary solutions to reduce frizz and straighten the hair. These treatments work by applying a smoothing product to the hair and then using heat from blow dryers and flat irons to lock the product into the hair shaft. The heat helps the product form a protective barrier around each strand, making the hair smoother and more manageable.

Unlike chemical treatments, heat-activated smoothing is temporary and usually lasts until the next wash. It is ideal for individuals who want smoother hair without committing to permanent treatment.

Preparing for the Treatment

Preparing for smoothing hair treatments is essential to achieve the best results and ensure the health of your hair. Here are some steps to follow:

  • Consultation: Start by consulting with a professional hairstylist or a salon that offers smoothing hair treatments. They will assess the condition of your hair and determine if it is suitable for the treatment.
  • Pre-Treatment Hair Care: Prior to the smoothing treatment, it’s essential to ensure your hair is in good condition. Regularly moisturize and nourish your hair with deep conditioning treatments or hair masks.
  • Clarifying Shampoo: A few days before the treatment, use a clarifying shampoo to remove any product buildup, oils, or impurities from your hair. This will help the treatment penetrate your hair effectively.
  • Avoid Coloring: Avoid any chemical hair treatments like coloring or perming for at least two weeks before getting a smoothing treatment. Chemical processes can weaken the hair and interfere with the smoothing process.
  • Trim Split Ends: Trim your split ends before the treatment. Smoothing treatments can make your hair look healthier, but they won’t fix split ends. A trim will help your hair look smoother and improve the overall appearance.
  • Postpone If Necessary: If your hair is overly damaged or extremely weak, it’s best to postpone the smoothing treatment until your hair is in a healthier state. Smoothing treatments work better on hair that is not severely damaged.

The Smoothing Procedure: Step-by-Step

The Smoothing Procedure
The Smoothing Procedure

Step 1: Consultation and Hair Analysis

Before starting the smoothing procedure, consult with your client to understand their hair type, texture, and any previous chemical treatments they may have had. Analyze the hair condition to determine the most suitable product and process for achieving the desired results.

Step 2: Wash and Clarify

Start by washing the hair with a clarifying shampoo to remove any residue and build-up from the hair and scalp. This ensures that the smoothing product can penetrate the hair cuticles effectively.

Step 3: Towel Dry

Gently towel dry the hair to remove excess water. The hair should be damp but not dripping wet before applying the smoothing product.

Step 4: Sectioning

Divide the hair into manageable sections using hair clips or bands. This makes the application process more organized and ensures that every strand is evenly coated.

Step 5: Application of Smoothing Product

Put on protective gloves and apply the chosen smoothing product to one section at a time. Start from the back of the head and work to the front. Use a tint brush or applicator comb to distribute the product from the roots to the ends evenly. Avoid applying the product directly on the scalp.

Step 6: Comb Through

After applying the smoothing product to a section, use a fine-tooth comb to comb through the hair, ensuring even distribution and removing any excess product. This step helps the product penetrate the hair evenly.

Step 7: Processing Time

Once the entire head is coated with the smoothing product, allow it to process according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Processing times can vary depending on the brand and type of smoothing product used.

Step 8: Rinse and Dry

After processing, rinse the hair thoroughly with water to remove the excess product. Do not use shampoo during this step. Towel dry the hair gently to remove excess water.

Step 9: Blow Dry

Blow-dry the hair using a round brush to smooth the hair further and eliminate any frizz. The hair should be completely dry and straight before proceeding to the next step.

Step 10: Flat Ironing

Working with small sections of hair, use a flat iron with adjustable heat settings to straighten the hair thoroughly. The flat iron helps lock in the smoothing product and seals the cuticles, creating a sleek and smooth finish. Be cautious not to use excessive heat to avoid damaging the hair.

Aftercare for Long-lasting Results

Trimming your hair regularly
Trimming your hair regularly

To ensure long-lasting results for smoothing hair treatments, it’s essential to follow a proper aftercare routine. This will help maintain the smoothness and health of your hair. Here are some tips:

  • Avoid washing your hair for at least 72 hours after the treatment: Give the smoothing treatment enough time to set in and fully bond with your hair. Washing it too soon can lessen its effectiveness.
  • Use sulfate-free shampoos and conditioners: Sulfates can strip the treatment from your hair, so opt for gentle, sulfate-free hair products that won’t interfere with the smoothing effects.
  • Limit the use of heat styling tools: Excessive heat can damage your hair and shorten the longevity of the treatment. If you need heat styling, always apply a heat protectant spray beforehand.
  • Avoid tying or clipping your hair tightly: Tight hairstyles can leave creases and disrupt the smoothness of your hair, so try to keep your hair loose or use hair-friendly accessories.
  • Regularly apply hair masks and deep conditioners: Moisturizing your hair will help maintain its health and improve the longevity of the smoothing treatment.
  • Avoid chlorine and saltwater: If you go swimming, protect your hair from chlorine and saltwater, as they can fade the treatment and dry out your hair.
  • Get regular trims: Trimming your hair regularly will prevent split ends and keep your hair looking smooth and fresh.

Comparing DIY vs Professional Smoothing Treatments

let’s create a comparison table between DIY (Do-It-Yourself) and Professional Smoothing Hair Treatments:

Aspect DIY Smoothing Treatment Professional Smoothing Treatment
Cost Usually less expensive More expensive
Time Required May take longer to apply and achieve results Faster application and quicker results
Skill Level Can be done at home with basic instructions Requires a trained stylist or professional
Results Results may vary and depend on individual Consistent and predictable outcomes
Ingredients Often use household products and natural Utilizes salon-grade products and formulas
Longevity of Results Results may last for a shorter period Results can last for several months
Treatment Customization Limited ability to customize the treatment Tailored to individual hair type and needs
Potential Damage Less potential damage when done correctly Reduced risk of damage with experienced stylists
Smoothing Effectiveness May not be as effective as professional More effective in reducing frizz and curls
Chemicals DIY treatments may contain milder chemicals Professional treatments may use stronger chemicals
Application Process Application process might be more cumbersome Professional application is smoother and even
Aftercare Requirements DIY treatments may have simpler aftercare Specific aftercare instructions provided
Overall Safety Generally safe if following instructions Safer due to professional experience

Potential Risks and Safety Considerations

It’s essential to be aware of the potential risks and safety considerations associated with these treatments. Here are some important points to consider:

Allergic Reactions

Itchy scalp
Itchy scalp

Some individuals may be sensitive or allergic to the ingredients present in smoothing treatments. Allergic reactions can manifest as skin rashes, itching, or swelling. Before getting the treatment, it’s essential to do a patch test to check for any adverse reactions.

Chemical Exposure

Hair smoothing treatments involve the use of chemicals, such as formaldehyde or other aldehydes, to alter the hair’s structure. Prolonged exposure to these chemicals can be harmful and may lead to health issues, such as respiratory problems, eye irritation, and skin sensitivities. It’s crucial to choose products and salons that follow proper safety guidelines and use low or formaldehyde-free formulations.

Fumes and Ventilation

The application of smoothing treatments can release fumes, especially if formaldehyde or similar chemicals are used. Proper ventilation in the salon is necessary to reduce exposure to these potentially harmful fumes.

Eye and Skin Protection

During the application process, it’s important for both the client and the stylist to wear appropriate protective gear, such as goggles and gloves, to prevent contact with the treatment chemicals.

Hair Damage

Hair Damage
Hair Damage

While these treatments can make hair smoother and more manageable, they can also cause damage, particularly if done excessively or incorrectly. Over-processing the hair can lead to dryness, breakage, and brittleness. It’s crucial to consult with a professional stylist who is experienced in performing these treatments.

Incompatibility with Other Treatments

Some smoothing treatments may not be compatible with previously chemically treated hair or certain hair types. Mixing different chemical treatments can cause unpredictable results and may damage the hair.

The Cost of Smoothing Treatments

In short, the cost of hair smoothing treatment is about between $100 and $500.

It can vary significantly in cost depending on the type of treatment, the salon or stylist you choose, and the location. Here are some factors that can influence the cost of smoothing hair treatments:

  • Type of treatment: There are various types of smoothing treatments available, such as keratin treatments, Brazilian blowouts, Japanese hair straightening, and more. Each treatment has different ingredients and processes, which can affect the overall cost.
  • Salon reputation and expertise: High-end salons with experienced stylists may charge more for their services due to their reputation and skill level.
  • Hair length and thickness: Longer and thicker hair may require more product and time to achieve the desired results, which can lead to higher costs.
  • Location: The cost of hair treatments can vary depending on the city or region. Salons in metropolitan areas might have higher prices compared to those in smaller towns.
  • Additional services: Some salons may include extra services like a haircut, deep conditioning, or styling as part of the smoothing treatment package, which can influence the total cost.
  • Brand of products used: Premium or specialized products may incur higher costs compared to standard ones.

Addressing Potential Side Effects and Aftermath

Scalp irritation
Scalp irritation

It’s important to note that some treatments, particularly those involving chemicals, can come with risks. Here are some potential side effects and aftermath to be mindful of:

  • Hair Damage: Smoothing treatments often involve the use of chemicals to alter the hair structure, which can lead to damage over time. The process may weaken the hair shaft, making it more prone to breakage and split ends.
  • Allergic Reactions: Some individuals may experience allergic reactions to the chemicals used in smoothing treatments. Common symptoms include itching, redness, swelling, and irritation on the scalp or skin.
  • Formaldehyde Exposure: Some smoothing treatments contain formaldehyde or release it during the process. Formaldehyde is a potential carcinogen and can cause respiratory issues, eye irritation, and skin problems when inhaled or absorbed through the skin.
  • Hair Texture Changes: Smoothing treatments can alter the natural texture of the hair, resulting in it becoming either excessively straight or losing its natural curls or waves.
  • Maintenance Requirements: After getting a smoothing treatment, you may need to use specific hair care products and avoid certain activities like swimming in chlorine-treated water or excessive heat styling to maintain the results.

To minimize potential risks and side effects, consider the following precautions:

  • Choose a Reputable Salon: Opt for a salon with experienced stylists who are knowledgeable about different smoothing treatments and their potential risks.
  • Patch Test: Request a patch test before the full treatment to check for any allergic reactions to the chemicals.
  • Opt for Formaldehyde-Free Options: Choose smoothing treatments that are formaldehyde-free or have minimal formaldehyde content.
  • Consultation: Have a consultation with your stylist to discuss your hair type, any previous treatments, and potential risks.
  • Post-Treatment Care: Follow the aftercare instructions provided by your stylist to maintain the health and appearance of your hair after the treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions


Are smoothing treatments suitable for all hair types?

Smoothing treatments can be beneficial for various hair types, including frizzy, curly, and unruly hair. However, the results may vary depending on the specific treatment and your hair’s condition. It’s best to consult with a professional hairstylist to determine the most suitable treatment for your hair type and desired results.

How long do the effects of a smoothing treatment last?

The duration of smoothing treatment effects depends on the type of treatment you choose and your hair’s natural growth cycle. Generally, the effects can last anywhere from a few weeks to several months. Some treatments offer longer-lasting results, while others may require touch-ups more frequently.

Can I color my hair before or after getting a smoothing treatment?

It is generally recommended to color your hair either before the smoothing treatment or at least two weeks after the treatment. Coloring immediately after a smoothing treatment may affect the treatment’s efficacy or durability. To avoid any complications, discuss your color plans with your hairstylist, who can advise on the best approach for your specific situation.

Are there any health risks associated with smoothing treatments?

While smoothing treatments are generally considered safe, some treatments contain chemicals like formaldehyde or other active ingredients that may emit fumes during the process. These fumes could cause eye irritation, respiratory issues, or allergic reactions in some individuals. To minimize risks, ensure that the treatment is performed in a well-ventilated salon by a trained professional using reputable products.

Can I swim or use styling products after getting a smoothing treatment?

After a smoothing treatment, it’s usually advised to avoid washing your hair or exposing it to moisture for the first few days. This allows the treatment to set properly. Once the waiting period is over, you should be able to swim and use styling products. However, it’s best to use sulfate-free shampoos and conditioners to prolong the effects of the treatment.

Is it possible to reverse the effects of a smoothing treatment if I’m unsatisfied?

Smoothing treatments are semi-permanent and eventually wear off as your hair grows. However, if you are unsatisfied with the results or experience any issues, you should consult your hairstylist. Some treatments have specific reversal solutions, but it’s essential to seek professional advice to prevent potential damage and ensure the best course of action.


In conclusion, smoothing hair treatments offer an effective and long-lasting solution to deal with frizz, unruliness, and unmanageable hair. Whether you opt for a keratin treatment, a chemical relaxer, or other smoothing techniques, these treatments can significantly improve the texture and appearance of your hair. However, it is essential to weigh the pros and cons, consider your hair’s condition and type, and consult a professional stylist to ensure the best results and minimize potential risks.


“Health improvement of human hair and their reshaping using recombinant keratin K31”, NCBI: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218806/

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